Fittings aid in holding or joining 2 or more pipes which may carry fluids or gases.
Fittings can be made of plastic, steel, Brass,copper, Iron based on application. Fittings used in Plumbing operations are made of Brass, Copper and Plastic.
Types of Pipe Fittings
Elbows are used to change the direction of flow between pipes. Elbows are generally available with an angle of 45 Degrees and 90 Degrees.
The Reducer is one of the Pipe fitting component which decreases the flow size from bigger to smaller by reducing the size of pipe. There are two types of reducers. One is concentric reducer which is like cone shaped with gradual decreasing around the pipe. The second one is eccentric reducer which is having one edge parallel to connecting pipe.
Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. It is having one inlet and two outlets, outlets are arranged at 90 Degrees to the main line connection. If the 3 sides of T-fitting are same in size it is called as Equal tee otherwise it is called as Unequal tee.
Cross type fittings contains 4 opening in 4 directions. These are connected when 4 pipes are meeting at a point. Cross fittings are generally used for sprinkler systems.
Coupling is used to connect the pipes of same diameter. Generally there are two types of couplings. Compression coupling and slip coupling. Compression coupling is coupling which is connected between two pipes and it prevents leakage by the arrangement of rubber seals or gaskets on both sides.
Union functions as similar to coupling. But coupling cannot be removed after fixing but Unions can be removed. It consists nut, female and male ended threads.
Adapters make threaded either male or female ,if the pipes are not having special ends or plain ends. The Male adapters Consists Of Male threads and the Female adapter Consists Of Female Threads.
Advantages of Pipe Fittings are
It has a low basic cost.
The Pipe fittings have long life.
It has smooth inner surface which keeps constant fluid pressure.
Made from hard and tough materials to suit for every environmental condition.
It has been manufactured after the International Standard guidelines.
It is Fast and easy to assemble.
Applications of Pipe Fittings are
It is used in the Oil & Gas and petrochemical industries.
In the Auditorium hall and research lab ventilation.
In gricultural Land and Irrigation supply.
In Residential, Hospital, Highway construction.
In Municipality drainage, civil works etc.
In Leather, Dairy, Pulp and Paper factories.